The Mind Research Repository (beta)

The Mind Research Repository (MRR) provides access to publications along with data 
and scripts for analyses and figures reported in them. It is a further development of a 
project started as the Potsdam Mind Research Repository (PMR2) in August 2010. 
A combination of paper plus data plus scripts is referred to as a paper package. The main goals of the Mind Research Repository are the following:

  • Document data and analyses used in publications in a public forum.
  • Invite readers (a) to reproduce analyses/figures, (b) to try out and possibly publish alternative analyses, or (c) to adopt scripts for their own data.
  • Enable readers to provide authors with feedback about their scripts, both about necessary corrections of errors and more elegant alternative code.
  • Serve as a site for experimental results that were not published because they did not turn out as expected, assuming that there were no technical or other obvious reasons for the failure of the experiment. Making such data available in the context of research that did yield the desired results may inspire others to take a new look. Perhaps this way the problem associated with the well-known bias for publications with positive results can be (slightly) reduced.

With the term paper package credit is given to the R Project for Statistical Computing (CRAN). Obviously, the site is modeled on the collaborative spirit of CRAN, which has served as a prime source of inspiration of how transparency and progress can be implemented under headings such as Open Science or Reproducible Research. Moreover, most of the paper packages currently available at MR2 include R scripts for the analyses. There is a momentum building in favor of this perspective on a new culture in science. Here are some very informative links on this topic:
- NSF (2011). Changing the conduct of science in the information age (
- AAAS (2011). The digitization of science: Reproducibility and interdisciplinary knowledge transfer (

The construction of MRR has been funded by CLARIN-D. Funding for the PMR2 was provided by a European Collaborative Research Project (ESF 05_ECRP-FP006, 2006-2009) and a German Research Foundation Research Group (DFG FOR868, since 2008).

No 1 (2013)

Table of Contents


The role of semantics, argument structure, and lexicalization in compound stress assignment in English PDF
Ingo Plag, Gero Kunter, Sabine Lappe, Maria Braun
Prominence in triconstituent compounds: Pitch contours and linguistic theory PDF
Kristina Kösling, Gero Kunter, Harald Baayen, Ingo Plag
Acoustic correlates of primary and secondary stress in North American English PDF
Ingo Plag, Gero Kunter, Mareile Schramm
Compound stress assignment by analogy: the consituent family bias PDF
Ingo Plag
The variability of compound stress in English: structural, semantic, and analogical factors PDF
Ingo Plag
Zur Syntax von Plauderchats PDF
Burkhard Dietterle, Anke Lüdeling, Marc Reznicek
Listening to puns elicits the co-activation of alternative homophone meanings during language production PDF
Sebastian B. Rose, Katharina Spalek, Rasha Abdel Rahman
Multimodal analysis of quotation in oral narratives PDF
Kashmiri Stec, Mike Huiskes, Gisela Redeker
Generalized additive modeling to analyze dynamic phonetic data: a tutorial focusing on articulatory differences between L1 and L2 speakers of English PDF
Homophony and morphology: The acoustics of word-final S in English PDF
Ingo Plag, Julia Homann, Gero Kunter
Gemination and degemination in English prefixation: Phonetic evidence for morphological organization PDF
Sonia Ben Hedia, Ingo Plag


Synchronizing timelines: Relations between fixation durations and N400 amplitudes during sentence reading PDF
Michael Dambacher, Reinhold Kliegl
Co-Registration of Eye Movements and EEG in Natural Reading: Analyses & Review PDF
Olaf Dimigen, Werner Sommer, Annette Hohlfeld, Arthur M. Jacobs, Reinhold Kliegl
Age effects in L2 grammar processing as revealed by ERPs and how (not) to study them PDF
Nienke Meulman, Martijn Wieling, Simone A. Sprenger, Laurie A. Stowe, Monika S. Schmid

Eye Movement Corpus Analysis

Time course and hazard function: A distributional analysis of fixation duration in reading PDF
Gary Feng
Wotschack & Kliegl (2012, QJEP). Reading strategy modulates parafoveal-on-foveal effects in sentence reading PDF
Christiane Wotschack, Reinhold Kliegl
Mixed Responses: Why Readers Spend Less Time at Unfavorable Landing Positions PDF
Gary Feng
The effect of word position on eye-movements in sentence and paragraph reading PDF
Victor Kuperman, Michael Dambacher, Antje Nuthmann, Reinhold Kliegl
Eye Movements Reveal Interplay Between Noun Capitalization and Word Class During Reading PDF
Sven Hohenstein, Reinhold Kliegl
Eye Movements during Reading Proverbs and Regular Sentences: The Incoming Word Predictability Effect PDF
Gerardo Fernández, Diego Shalom, Reinhold Kliegl, Mariano Sigman
Toward a Perceptual-Span Theory of Distributed Processing in Reading: A Reply to Rayner, Pollatsek, Drieghe, Slattery, & Reichle (2007) PDF
Reinhold Kliegl
Preferred viewing locations: A validation and an extension PDF
Antje Nuthmann, Reinhold Kliegl
Saccade-Target Selection of Dyslexic Children When Reading Chinese PDF
Jinger Pan, Ming Yan, Jochen Laubrock, Hua Shu, Reinhold Kliegl
Smoothing Spline ANOVA Decomposition of Arbitrary Splines: An Application to Eye Movements in Reading PDF
Hannes Matuschek, Reinhold Kliegl, Matthias Holschneider

Gaze Contingent Experiments

How Preview Space/Time Translates into Preview Cost/Benefit for Fixation Durations during Reading PDF
Reinhold Kliegl, Sven Hohenstein, Ming Yan, Scott A. McDonald
Adult age differences in the perceptual span during reading PDF
Sarah Risse, Reinhold Kliegl
Lexical and Sub-lexical Semantic Preview Benefits in Chinese Reading PDF
Ming Yan, Wei Zhou, Hua Shu, Reinhold Kliegl
Preview Fixation Duration Modulates Identical and Semantic Preview Benefit in Chinese Reading PDF
Ming Yan, Sarah Risse, Xiaolin Zhou, Reinhold Kliegl
Semantic preview benefit in eye movements during reading: A parafoveal fast-priming study PDF
Sven Hohenstein, Jochen Laubrock, Reinhold Kliegl
Parafoveal Load of Word N+1 Modulates Preprocessing Effectiveness of Word N+2 in Chinese Reading PDF
Ming Yan, Reinhold Kliegl, Hua Shu, Jinger Pan, Xiaolin Zhou
Chinese readers extract semantic information from parafoveal words during reading. PDF
Ming Yan, Eike M. Richter, Hua Shu, Reinhold Kliegl
Parafoveal processing in reading: Manipulating n+1 and n+2 previews simultaneously. PDF
Bernhard Angele, Timothy J. Slattery, Jinmian Yang, Reinhold Kliegl, Keith Rayner
Preview benefit and parafoveal-on-foveal effects from word n+2. PDF
Reinhold Kliegl, Sarah Risse, Jochen Laubrock
Evidence for Direct Control of Eye Movements During Reading PDF
Michael Dambacher, Timothy J. Slattery, Jinmian Yang, Reinhold Kliegl, Keith Rayner
Evidence for Delayed Parafoveal-on-Foveal Effects From Word n+2 in Reading PDF
Sarah Risse, Reinhold Kliegl
Semantic preview benefit during reading PDF
Sven Hohenstein, Reinhold Kliegl
Parafoveal semantic information extraction in traditional Chinese reading PDF
Jie-Li Tsai, Reinhold Kliegl, Ming Yan
Dissociating Preview Validity and Preview Difficulty in Parafoveal Processing of Word n+1 during Reading PDF
Sarah Risse, Reinhold Kliegl
Parafoveal Processing Efficiency in Rapid Automatized Naming: A Comparison between Chinese Normal and Dyslexic Children PDF
Ming Yan, Jinger Pan, Jochen Laubrock, Reinhold Kliegl, Hua Shu
Lexical and Sub-lexical Semantic Preview Benefits in Chinese Reading PDF
Ming Yan, Wei Zhou, Hua Shu, Reinhold Kliegl
A validation of parafoveal semantic information extraction in reading Chinese PDF
Wei Zhou, Reinhold Kliegl, Ming Yan
Font Size Modulates Saccade-Target Selection in Chinese Reading PDF
Hua Shu, Wei Zhou, Ming Yan, Reinhold Kliegl
Processing the in the parafovea: Are articles skipped automatically? PDF
Bernhard Angele, Keith Rayner
A binocular moving window technique to study the roles of the two eyes in reading
Antje Nuthmann, Madeleine Beveridge, Richard Shillcock
Lack of semantic parafoveal preview benefit in reading revisited PDF
Keith Rayner, Eilzabeth R. Schotter, Denis Drieghe

Language Variation

Models, forests and trees of York English: Was/were variation as a case study for statistical practice PDF
Sali A. Tagliamonte, R. Harald Baayen
Lexical differences between Tuscan dialects and standard Italian: Accounting for geographic and socio-demographic variation using generalized additive mixed modeling PDF
Martijn Wieling, Simonetta Montemagni, John Nerbonne, R. Harald Baayen
A cognitively grounded measure of pronunciation distance PDF
Martijn Wieling, John Nerbonne, Jelke Bloem, Charlotte Gooskens, Wilbert Heeringa, R. Harald Baayen
Border effects among Catalan dialects PDF
Martijn Wieling, Esteve Valls, R. Harald Baayen, John Nerbonne
Measuring foreign accent strength in English. Validating Levenshtein Distance as a Measure PDF
Martijn Wieling, Jelke Bloem, Kaitlin Mignella, Mona Timmermeister, John Nerbonne
Quantitative social dialectology: Explaining linguistic variation geographically and socially PDF
Martijn Wieling, John Nerbonne, R. Harald Baayen
Investigating dialectal differences using articulography PDF
Martijn Wieling, Fabian Tomaschek, Denis Arnold, Mark Tiede, Franziska Bröker, Samuel Thiele, Simon N. Wood, R. Harald Baayen
Variation and change in the use of hesitation markers in Germanic languages PDF
Martijn Wieling, Jack Grieve, Gosse Bouma, Josef Fruehwald, John Coleman, Mark Liberman


Secondary (micro-)saccades: The influence of primary saccade end point and target eccentricity on the process of postsaccadic fixation PDF
Sven Ohl, Stephan A Brandt, Reinhold Kliegl
When do microsaccades follow spatial attention? PDF
Jochen Laubrock, Reinhold Kliegl, Martin Rolfs, Ralf Engbert
The generation of secondary saccades without postsaccadic visual feedback PDF
Sven Ohl, Stephan A. Brandt, Reinhold Kliegl
Microsaccade-induced prolongation of saccadic latencies depends on microsaccade amplitude PDF
Martin Rolfs, Jochen Laubrock, Reinhold Kliegl
Crossmodal coupling of oculomotor control and spatial attention in vision and audition PDF
Martin Rolfs, Ralf Engbert, Reinhold Kliegl
Shortening and prolongation of saccade latencies following microsaccades PDF
Martin Rolfs, Jochen Laubrock
Microsaccade Orientation Supports Attentional Enhancement Opposite a Peripheral Cue Commentary on Tse, Sheinberg, and Logothetis (2003) PDF
Martin Rolfs, Ralf Engbert, Reinhold Kliegl
Saccadic facilitation by modulation of microsaccades in natural backgrounds PDF
Petra Sinn, Ralf Engbert
Revealing the time course of signals influencing the generation of secondary saccades using Aalen’s additive hazards model PDF
Sven Ohl, Reinhold Kliegl

Psycholinguistic Experiments

Short-term forgetting in sentence comprehension: Crosslinguistic evidence from head-final structures PDF
Shravan Vasishth, Katja Suckow, Richard L Lewis, Sabine Kern
Semantic relations and compound transparency: A regression study in CARIN theory
Hien Pham, Harald Baayen
Processing Chinese Relative Clauses: Evidence for the Subject-Relative Advantage PDF
Shravan Vasishth, Zhong Chen, Qiang Li, Gueilan Guo
Implicit prosody and contextual bias in silent reading PDF
Kate McCurdy, Gerrit Kentner, Shravan Vasishth
Shravan Vasishth, Richard Lewis
The role of clefting, word order and given-new ordering in sentence comprehension: Evidence from Hindi PDF
Shravan Vasishth, Rukshin Shaher, Naryanan Srinivasan
Multiple Focus PDF
Sigrid Beck, Shravan Vasishth
Parsing costs as predictors of reading difficulty: An evaluation using the Potsdam Sentence Corpus PDF
Marisa Boston, John Hale, Reinhold Kliegl, Umesh Patil, Shravan Vasishth
In Search of On-Line Locality Effects in Sentence Comprehension PDF
Brian Bartek, Richard L. Lewis, Mason Smith, Shravan Vasishth
Focus, Word Order and Intonation in Hindi PDF
Umesh Patil, Gerrit Kentner, Anja Gollrad, Frank Kuegler, Caroline Fery, Shravan Vasishth
How structure-sensitive is the parser? Evidence from Mandarin Chinese PDF
Zhong Chen, Lena Jäger, Shravan Vasishth
Exhaustiveness effects in clefts are not truth-functional PDF
Heiner Drenhaus, Malte Zimmermann, Shravan Vasishth
Reactivation of antecedents by overt versus null pronouns: Evidence from Persian PDF
Shravan Vasishth, Niloofar Keshtiari
Superiority in English and German: Cross-language grammatical differences? PDF
Jana Haeussler, Margaret Grant, Gisbert Fanselow, Lyn Frazier
Constituent Order in German Multiple Questions: Normal Order and (Apparent) Anti-Superiority Effects PDF
Gisbert Fanselow, Jana Haeussler, Thomas Weskott
N-gram probability effects in a cloze task PDF
Cyrus Shaoul, R. Harald Baayen, Chris F Westbury
Does Formal Complexity Reflect Cognitive Complexity? Investigating Aspects of the Chomsky Hierarchy in an Artificial Language Learning Study PDF
Birgit Öttl, Gerhard Jäger, Barbara Kaup
Understanding Karma Police: The Perceived Plausibility of Noun Compounds as Predicted by Distributional Models of Semantic Representation PDF
Fritz Günther, Marco Marelli

Working Memory (TAFs, NLMMs)

Working memory in children: Tracing age differences and special educational needs to parameters of a formal model PDF
Katrin Göthe, Günther Esser, Anja Gendt, Reinhold Kliegl
Working Memory Capacity in a Go/No-Go Task: Age Differences in Interference, Processing Speed, and Attentional Control PDF
Odir Antonio Rodríguez-Villagra, Katrin Göthe, Klaus Oberauer, Reinhold Kliegl
No Evidence for Feature Overwriting in Visual Working Memory PDF
Elisabeth Jünger, Reinhold Kliegl, Klaus Oberauer
A formal model of capacity limits in working memory PDF
Klaus Oberauer, Reinhold Kliegl
Interferenz im Arbeitsgedächtnis: Ein formales Modell PDF
Klaus Oberauer, Reinhold Kliegl
Updating of working memory: lingering bindings PDF
Klaus Oberauer, Kerstin Vockenberg
Visual Working Memory Declines when More Features Must be Remembered for Each Object PDF
Klaus Oberauer, Simon Eichenberger
Accessing Information in Working Memory: Can the Focus of Attention Grasp Two Elements at the Same Time? PDF
Klaus Oberauer, Svetlana Bialkova
Coding Strategies in Number Space: Memory Requirements Influence Spatial-Numerical Associations PDF
Oliver Lindemann, Juan M. Abolafia, Jay Pratt, Harold Bekkering

Computational Modeling

The zoom lens of attention: Simulating shuffled versus normal text reading using the SWIFT model PDF
Daniel J Schad, Ralf Engbert
Parallel processing and sentence comprehension difficulty PDF
Marisa Ferrara Boston, John T. Hale, Shravan Vasishth, Reinhold Kliegl
An Activation-Based Model of Sentence Processing as Skilled Memory Retrieval PDF
Richard Lewis, Shravan Vasishth
Processing Polarity: How the ungrammatical intrudes on the grammatical PDF
Shravan Vasishth, Sven Brüssow, Richard L Lewis, Heiner Drenhaus
A framework for modeling the interaction of syntactic processing and eye movement control PDF
Felix Engelmann, Shravan Vasishth, Ralf Engbert, Reinhold Kliegl
Control of fixation duration during scene viewing by interaction of foveal and peripheral processing PDF
Jochen Laubrock, Anke Cajar, Ralf Engbert
The focus of attention in working memory – from metaphors to mechanisms PDF
Klaus Oberauer
A theoretical analysis of the perceptual span based on SWIFT simulations of the n+2 boundary paradigm PDF
Sarah Risse, Sven Hohenstein, Reinhold Kliegl, Ralf Engbert
ICAT: A Computational Model for the Adaptive Control of Fixation Durations PDF
Hans Trukenbrod, Ralf Engbert
Discrimination in Lexical Decision PDF
Petar Milin, Laurie Beth Feldman, Michael Ramscar, Peter Hendrix, R. Harald Baayen

Other Experiments and Analyses

Experimental effects and individual differences in Linear Mixed Models: Estimating the relationship between spatial, object, and attraction effects in visual attention PDF
Reinhold Kliegl, Ping Wei, Michael Dambacher, Ming Yan, Xiaolin Zhou
International cooperation in psychology is on the rise PDF
Reinhold Kliegl, Douglas Bates
A linear mixed model analysis of masked repetition priming
Reinhold Kliegl, Michael E.J. Masson, Eike M. Richter
Modulation of Additive and Interactive Effects in Lexical Decision by Trial History PDF
Michael E. J. Masson, Reinhold Kliegl
Eye-Voice Span During Rapid Automatized Naming of Digits and Dice in Chinese Normal and Dyslexic Children PDF
Jinger Pan, Ming Yan, Jochen Laubrock, Hua Shu, Reinhold Kliegl
Reserve capacity of the elderly in aging-sensitive tests of fluid intelligence : replication and extension PDF
Paul B Baltes, Freya Dittmann-Kohli, Reinhold Kliegl
Investigating the speed-accuracy tradeoff: Better use deadlines or response signals? PDF
Michael Dambacher, Ronald Hübner
Getting a Grip on Numbers: Numerical Magnitude Priming in Object Grasping PDF
Oliver Lindemann, Juan M. Abolafia, Giovanna Girardi, Harold Bekkering
International Publication Statistics Show Collaboration, Not Competition PDF
Reinhold Kliegl
Testing-the-Limits and the Study of Adult Age Differences in Cognitive Plasticity of a Mnemonic Skill PDF
Reinhold Kliegl, Jacqui Smith, Paul B. Baltes
On the Locus and Process of Magnification of Age Differences During Mnemonic Training PDF
Reinhold Kliegl, Jacqui Smith, Paul B. Baltes
Further Testing of Limits of Cognitive Plasticity: Negative Age Differences in a Mnemonic Skill Are Robust PDF
Paul B. Baltes, Reinhold Kliegl
Determinants of English accents PDF
Martijn Wieling, Jelke Bloem, R. Harald Baayen, John Nerbonne

Embodied & Grounded Cognition

Emotional valence and physical space: Limits of interaction PDF
Irmgard de la Vega, Mónica De Filippis, Martin Lachmair, Carolin Dudschig, Barbara Kaup
Keep your hands crossed: The valence-by -left/right interaction is related to hand, not side, in an incongruent hand-response key assignment PDF
Irmgard de la Vega, Carolin Dudschig, Mónica De Filippis, Martin Lachmair, Barbara Kaup
What's up? Emotion-specific activation of vertical space during language processing PDF
Carolin Dudschig, Irmgard de la Vega, Barbara Kaup
Multimodal quotation: Role shift practices in spoken narratives PDF
Kashmiri Stec, Mike Huiskes, Gisela Redeker
How embodied is action verb processing? Exploring the limits of effector-specific compatibility effects PDF
Jessica Vanessa Strozyk, Daniela Katharina Ahlberg, Carolin Dudschig, Barbara Kaup
Is It All Task-Specific? The Role of Binary Responses, Verbal Mediation, and Saliency for Eliciting Language-Space Associations PDF
Carolin Dudschig, Barbara Kaup
Multimodal character viewpoint in quoted dialogue sequences PDF
Kashmiri Stec, Mike Huiskes, Martijn Wieling, Gisela Redeker