Parafoveal processing in reading: Manipulating n+1 and n+2 previews simultaneously.

Bernhard Angele, Timothy J. Slattery, Jinmian Yang, Reinhold Kliegl, Keith Rayner

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Abstract


The boundary paradigm (Rayner, 1975) with a novel preview manipulation was used to examine the extent of parafoveal processing of words to the right of fixation. Words n+1 and n+2 had either correct or incorrect previews prior to fixation (prior to crossing the boundary location). In addition, the manipulation utilized either a high or low frequency word in word n+1 location on the assumption that it would be more likely that n+2 preview effects could be obtained when word n+1 was high frequency. The primary findings were that there was no evidence for a preview benefit for word n+2 and no evidence for parafoveal-on- foveal effects when word n+1 is at least four letters long. We discuss implications for models of eye-movement control in reading.

Angele, B., Slattery, T., Yang, J., Kliegl, R., & Rayner, K. (2008). Parafoveal processing in reading: Manipulating n+1 and n+2 previews simultaneously. Visual Cognition, 16, 697-707.